Cataracts are a serious ophthalmological health concern. If left untreated, they can cause impaired vision and eventual blindness. We here at Live Oak Ophthalmology in Wilmington, North Carolina care about your eyes and are specialists in removing cataracts. You only get one set of eyes. So it’s a good idea to learn more about what cataracts are, their symptoms, causes and methods of treatment.
What is a Cataract?
It is a darkening of the eye’s lens, located behind the iris and the pupil. Cataracts serve as the leading cause of vision loss in people over the age of 40. According to Prevent Blindness America, there are more cases of them worldwide than glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy combined. They afflict over 22 million Americans ages 40 and older. The concern of cataracts is on the rise, especially as the population ages. By the year 2020, the PBA estimates that 30 million Americans could have them. The three types are subcapsular, nuclear, and cortical.
Most cataracts develop slowly and cause no disturbance in vision during the early stages. As time progresses, you will see deterioration in your vision. The following are symptoms to look out for:
- Clouded, blurred or dim vision
- Greater difficulty with night vision
- Sensitivity to light and glare
- Need for brighter light for reading and other activities
- Seeing halo-like images around lights
Cataracts have several causes. It is important to know of the risk factors such as family history and medical conditions like diabetes, which are linked to their formation. In addition, know these other causes:
- Previous eye injury or inflammation
- High myopia (nearsightedness)
What Treatments are Available?
At Live Oak Ophthalmology, we are skilled in treating cataracts. If you suspect you may have this condition, book an appointment at our office in Wilmington, North Carolina. Contact us today to arrange a consultation and learn more.