Cataracts affect millions of people around the world. Some of the first symptoms include things like blurred vision, a glare, especially when driving at night, and difficulty when reading. Cataracts can affect people at any age, but they are more prevalent among individuals who are older. Our doctors are able to identify or diagnose them by using specialized instruments that allow them to look into the eye and see what is causing the vision issue.
Cataracts do not grow at the same rate for everyone. So, if our doctor notices that you have a small one and it is not affecting your vision, he may decide not to perform surgery until, and only if, the cataract gets to the point where it affects your ability to see. The primary factor that determines whether or not surgery should be performed is how the condition is affecting your ability to go about your daily routine.
During surgery, the cataract is removed, and then an artificial lens is put in its place. Doctors can select from multiple types of intraocular lenses with the goal of restoring your vision to what it was before. Cataract surgery is one of the most common surgeries performed around the world today. It has a very high success rate and very few complications.
When we’re talking about cataracts, what we are discussing is a disease that affects the normally clear lens of your eye. When you have this condition, that lens starts to cloud over or becomes opaque. The result is that your vision diminishes.
When your eye lens is healthy, it is able to focus the light that your eyes receive and send it to the back of the eye. That’s why when you have a healthy lens, you’re able to see the world in a clear way, without any distortion. However, when your lens is clouded over, your vision becomes blurred.
Researchers are still learning why cataracts happen. But they feel that there is a link between changes in protein structures inside the lens of the eyes that cause them to become cloudy. There are some rare instances where children are born with the condition, or they develop it in early childhood. However, in just about each of these cases, there is a link between some hereditary enzyme deficiency, a genetic disease or a congenital infection.
Thankfully, our doctors at Live Oak Ophthalmology are able to treat cataracts with surgery, helping people regain their healthy vision. Located in Wilmington, we are proud to provide a wide range of treatments, such as LASIK eye surgery, a cornea transplant and cornea surgery. Contact us today to schedule a consultation to learn more.