Ptosis is a condition characterized by an upper eyelid that droops. The condition can range in severity from an eyelid that droops just a little to one that covers the pupil and impairs vision. Ptosis can affect one or both eyes. Fortunately, oculoplastic surgery can be used to correct ptosis.
What Causes Ptosis?
Ptosis can affect both children and adults. In both cases, the condition is caused by problems with the levator muscle that raises the upper eyelid.
In some cases, a child is born with the condition. The most common cause of congenital ptosis is a poorly developed levator muscle. Congenital ptosis can be accompanied by other eye problems.
In adults, ptosis is generally caused by a levator muscle that has become abnormally stretchy or has separated from the eyelid altogether. The problem can be caused by surgery, injury or aging.
How is Ptosis Treated?
A person with ptosis will need oculoplastic surgery. The exact type of surgery used depends on the patient’s age, the cause of their ptosis and how much function their levator muscle still has. In some cases, the surgeon will tighten the levator muscle; in other cases, he may replace it.
Ptosis repair is an outpatient procedure. The techniques used during this type of oculoplastic surgery will depend on the unique situation; however, the end goal of correcting drooping upper eyelids is the same.
What is the Recovery Like?
The recovery varies from patient to patient; however, most all patients will have a little bit of swelling after surgery. This is okay and to be expected. It is beneficial for the patient to use cold compresses and keep their head elevated. Be sure to follow our surgeon’s instructions regarding post-op care.
What is the Difference Between Ptosis Repair and Blepharoplasty?
A blepharoplasty or eye lift is a cosmetic procedure done to remove excess skin from the upper eyelids and reduce the bagginess of the lower eyelids. As people age, their skin becomes less elastic and starts to sag. In some cases, the skin on the upper eyelids can droop over the eyelids and obscure vision.
Ptosis repair, by contrast, is done more for medical or functional purposes. However, the two procedures can be done together.
Whether you have ptosis or are simply looking to achieve a more youthful appearance, consult with the team at Live Oak Ophthalmology about oculoplastic surgery.