Oculoplastic surgery describes a variety of surgeries performed around the eye. It can include aesthetic eyelid surgery, ocular plastic surgery and certain types of cosmetic surgery. There are many types of procedures that can fall into the category of oculoplastic surgery. They include the following:
• Tear duct surgery
• Eyelid surgery that includes eyelid reconstruction and blepharoplasty
• Surgery around the orbits or eye sockets
• Pediatric oculoplastic surgery to correct congenital defects in children
There are many things that can go wrong with the area surrounding the eyes, so there are many conditions that require an oculoplastic surgeon’s attention. The orbits or eye sockets can be damaged by injuries, accidents, tumors, sinus infections that have spread and conditions like Graves’ disease. The surgeon will have to repair abnormal or damaged tissue and repair or reposition bone. Graves’ disease or hyperthyroidism causes extra tissue to be deposited behind the eyes, and it causes the eyes to bulge. The surgeon will, therefore, widen the socket to accommodate the patient’s eyes.
Injuries or infections can cause blockages in the tear ducts, as can the aging process. Blocked tear ducts can cause recurrent infections or excessive tearing. The surgeon may create a new duct from the blocked duct and connect it to the nose. He may temporarily implant a stent in the new duct to make sure it stays open. Alternatively, the surgeon may leave the blocked duct as is and install an artificial tear duct behind the corner of the eyes. The results of this surgery tend to last a long time.
Among the more common problems seen in children are congenital blockage of the tear ducts and congenital ptosis. Since both conditions sometimes get better on their own, the surgeon will generally wait several months before operating.
Ptosis, which causes drooping upper eyelids, occurs in both children and adults. The condition is caused by problems with the eyelid muscle. There are several procedures an oculoplastic surgeon can use to tighten or strengthen this area.
Oculoplastic surgery can be done for both functional or cosmetic purposes. For example, our surgeon can perform a simple upper eyelid blepharoplasty for patients with loose, puffy eyelids. On the other hand, our surgeon can perform entropion and ectropion repair, which is meant to fix abnormal turning of the eyelid.
The skilled surgeons at Live Oak Ophthalmology in Wilmington perform a wide variety of procedures on and around the eyes. We know just how important this feature is to your overall appearance. Contact our office today to schedule your consultation to learn more about how we can help you.